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Harbin is China's northernmost major city, with a population in excess of 10 million, and over 4 million in the city center alone. Historically, the city has had a lot of Russian influence, in particular after the Russian Civil War of 1918, when White (Monarchist) refugees escaped the newly formed Soviet Union. The influence remains clearly visible in the building styles and foods. The city was founded in 1897 as a camp for Russian engineers surveying the Trans-Siberian Railway. Labor demands brought in a collection of outcasts from across Russia, Poland and even from within Manchuria. The city eventually was captured by the Japanese during World War II and later captured by the Chinese in 1946. Once nothing more than a Russian-built outpost of the railway, Harbin has managed to become a major player in her own right as well as capital of Heilongjiang Province.

Recent History

Northeastern China was originally built up as an industrial center using pre-existing Soviet and Japanese factories. By the 1980s these outdated and inefficient factories could not keep up. To further complicate matters, starting in the early 1990s, large portions of China's state owned enterprise workers were laid off. Thus, like many other cities in this region, contemporary Harbin is struggling with an aging work force and unemployment. Private enterprise is mostly centered in the service sector, retail, restaurants, etc. with most large scale enterprises still state owned. However, the province has thousands of state-owned enterprises up for sale, and many have been purchased since the late 1990s. Numerous universities in Harbin also play a vital role in the economy in education, research and through their subsidiary companies.

In 2005 there was a major pollution spill on the Songhua river.

Siberia Tigers Park The mission of the Siberian Tiger Park in Songbeixin district is to study, breed, and release and ultimately save the Manchurian tiger from extinction.
Sun Island Lying on north bank of Harbin River, the Sun Island is elegant, and well-known with a melodious song of On the Sun Island.

Church of St Sophia Harbin has many orthodox churches, the majority of which were ransacked during the Cultural Revolution and have since fallen into disrepair.

Center Street Zhongyang Street measures 1450 meters from Jingwei Street in the south to the Flood Control Monument on the riverbank in the north.



  China Tours Search Results:

  BITS C040 4-day Harbin Tour(USD 799 per person)
[Visit the paradise of ice and snow-Harbin which is famous for its dazzling outdoor winter artwork. This tour also includes the Yabuli International Ski Resort.]
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  BITS C041 3-day Harbin Tour(USD 268 per person)
Visit the paradise of ice and snow-Harbin which is famous for its dazzling outdoor winter artwork. This tour includes Sun Island, Siberia Tigers Park, Santa Sophia Church, Center Street and the Provincial Museum of Heilongjiang.
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  BITS-C045 Harbin Sites & Yabuli Ski Adventure(from USD 799 per person)
Harbin Sites & Yabuli Ski Adventure
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  ★BITS C040 4-day Harbin Tour(USD 799 per person)De

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  ★BITS C040 4-day Harbin Tour(USD 799 per person)Su

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