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News Analysis: China embraces summit diplomacy
Chinese President Hu Jintao will attend the Nuclear Security Summit on April 12-13 in Washington, and the second summit of BRIC nations -- Brazil, Russia, India and China -- in Brasilia on April 14-17, Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said Thursday.

It will be the beginning of China's new round of summit diplomacy. It is widely expected China, as a major developing nation, will play important roles in the summits and join the international community in meeting global challenges.


The Nuclear Security Summit will be an important multilateral meeting with an agenda covering nuclear disarmament, peaceful use of nuclear energy, nuclear material protection and the fight against smuggling of nuclear materials.

The fact that leaders and representatives from more than 40 countries will take part in the conference indicates strong international support for a multilateral solution.

"As a fast-rising major state, China's voice will undoubtedly draw the attention of the world," said Fu Mengzi, a scholar on U.S. issues with the China Institue of Contemporary International Relations.

Niu Xinchun, another scholar from the institute, stressed the importance of cooperation between China and the United States.

"China and the United States are both in legitimate pessession of nuclear weapons and material. In the globalization era, nuclear security is a significant topic involving the whole world, and the importance of the two countries' relevant cooperation seems self-evident," Niu said.
Because of their vigorous economies and huge growth potential, the four major rising economies -- Brazil, Russia, India and China -- are now major players on the world stage. Leaders of the four nations met for the first time in Russia in June last year.

Currently, the world economy has not fully recovered from the global economic crisis and developed economies such as the United States, European countries and Japan are yet to escape the aftereffects. However, the BRIC nations' economies are generally in good condition and their stronger financial, trade and economic cooperation may well contribute to the recovery of the world economy.

Wang Hongmiao, assistant researcher with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said the second BRIC summit would be conducive to further intensifying the coordination among the BRIC nations in global economic affairs, and guiding the international economic relations to a more reasonable and more balanced development.

"The summit will deliver to the world the emerging and developing economies' voice on global economic matters, including the reform of the international financial system, the improvement of global economic governance and the prevention of a repetition of the ongoing financial crisis, so as to gradually push for the positive adjustments in the international economic relations," Wang said.
The first 10 years of the 21st century is a decade of crisis and transformation, as well as one of cooperation and development.

Solutions to major global problems such as nuclear nonproliferation, climate change and the financial crisis, which have complex causes, cannot be found easily, and usually need overall planning and strategic decisions from leaders of different countries.

Multilateral summit diplomacy, under such circumstances, assumes a special role, and becomes an irreplaceable platform for addressing global problems.

British newspaper the Guardian once hailed China as an important figure in top-class roundtables of international politics. Now, the international community is once again expecting to see Chinese leaders perform in the multilateral arena.

Hu's attendance at the two meetings will kick start China's summit diplomacy in 2010.

China's summit diplomacy is conducive to displaying an image of a responsible big country.

The Chinese president's presence at the Nuclear Security Summit showcases a U.N. Security Council permanent member's firm stance on issues concerning nuclear security, which is closely related to the safety of the world and the destiny of mankind -- that is, China will participate in any effort that helps to achieve world peace and stability, and will not avoid its responsibility in that endeavor.
Meanwhile, China's summit diplomacy helps to safeguard the nation's own interests.

It is crystal clear that China's existence in the U.N. summits, G20 summits and the Copenhagen climate change summit in 2009 has enabled the world to hear its voice and defended its interests in global affairs.

China's summit diplomacy will also help defend and boost the interests of other developing nations.

Although the world order is currently undergoing massive changes, the developing countries remain at a lower status on the whole.

The summit of BRIC countries will surely be significant in coordinating stances of big developing powers and in further safeguarding the overall interests of the developing countries in global summits on a wider scale
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